Passionate debate about the ethics and effectiveness of torture is nothing new. Medieval literature professor Larissa Tracy (Longwood University) says torture was actually outlawed in many countries during Middle Ages, and when it was used, there were strict rules governing how and when it could be applied. Although there were many depictions of torture in medieval art and literature, the torturers were always portrayed as villain.
Also: Col. Rose Mary Sheldon (Virginia Military Institute) co-authored Operation Messiah: St. Paul, Roman Intelligence and the Birth of Christianity. Sheldon draws on letters from the Apostle Paul and his biography to give a new perspective on the dramatic and turbulent early days of Christianity, presenting evidence that Paul was in fact a spy for the Romans.